MBI Staff Member – Personal info


In ultrafast optics, it often proves invaluable to exactly know the temporal structure of the few-cycle pulses in the experiments. Compared to transient events in electronics, our means of precisely measuring optical transients on the femtosecond scale appear much more limited. To this end, a number of techniques have emerged that enable simultaneous measurement of the amplitude and phase structures of ultrashort pulses. Among these techniques, interferometric frequency-resolved optical gating has evolved as a particularly powerful technique, which can also be used for spectroscopic experiments on the few-cycle temporal scale.

Experimental setup for filament generation in a controlled noble-gas atmosphere. The characteristic sign for the onset of plasma formation and filamentation is the color change from red (scattered light) to violet (fluorescence) appearing at the 7 cm position on the ruler. After the collapse of the filamention process at 70 cm, a white-light spectrum emerges. Spectral width and the number of filaments inside the cell can be controlled by pressure and gas fill.

A second important aspect is measurement and control of the carrier-envelope phase of an ultrashort optical pulse. This phase plays an important role in attosecond spectroscopy. We have developed the feed-forward technique for stabilization of the carrier-envelope phase. This patented method is now commercially available from a major laser manufacturer. Our research continues and tries to explore the absolute limits of carrier-envelope phase measurements, as they are, e.g., imposed by quantum noise mechanisms.

Further research is devoted to optical filamentation. Loosely focusing an intense laser beam in air, one observes a collapse of the beam profile, and a plasma channel forms that guides the light at nearly constant beam diameter for lengths in the centimeter or meter range. Further increasing the laser power, several such filaments coexist parallel to each other and show highly dynamic behavior. The resulting beam profiles exhibit short-lived extremely bright flashes, which appear in analogy to ocean rogue waves. We carefully studied the statistics of rogue waves in our multifilament scenario and compared them to other rogue-wave supporting systems. This comparison seems to enable some intriguing new insight into the ocean rogue wave mystery, which we are currently exploring in more depth.

Curriculum vitae

10/2017 Fellow, American Physical Society (APS)

09/2017 Full (W3-S) Professor, Department of Physics, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin

03/2017 Fellow, International Union of Radio Science (URSI)

01/2016 Fellow, Optical Society of America (OSA)

01/2015 - 12/2017 Member Editorial Board, Physical Review A

01/2014 Outstanding Referee, American Physical Society (APS)

04/2012 - 03/2018 Topical Editor, Ultrafast Phenomena, Optics Letters

11/2008 - 10/2013 Finland Distinguished Professor Optoelectronics Research Centre, Tampere University of Technology, Finland

07/2002 - present: Senior Staff Scientist and Head of the Department C2, Solid-State Light Sources Max-Born-Institut, Berlin, Germany

09/2002 Habilitation in Experimental Physics Dissertation: New approaches to the Generation and Characterization of Few- Cycle Laser Pulses , Prof. Dr. Ursula Keller

02/1998 - 07/2002 Research Associate Institute of Quantum Electronics,Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich, Switzerland

11/1995 - 12/1997 Postdoctoral Researcher Research Lab of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

04/1995 - 10/1995 Postdoctoral Researcher Institute of Applied Physics, University of Münster, Germany

02/1995 Ph.D. in Physics (with distinction) Dissertation: Pulse Shaping Processes and Optical Turbulence in a Nonlinear Fiber Ring Resonator , Prof. Dr. Fedor Mitschke

05/1992 - 03/1995 Graduate Student Institute of Quantum Optics, Hannover University, Germany

05/1992 - 03/1995 Teaching Assistant (part time, several appointments) Hannover University and Hannover Medical School, Germany

04/1992 Diploma in Physics Diploma thesis: Construction and Application of a Spectrometer for the VUV/XUV Spectral Range Employing a Laser-Induced Plasma Light Source Prof. Dr. Bernd Wellegehausen

08/1987 - 04/1992 Teaching Assistant (part time, several appointments) Institute of Mathematics, Hannover University, Germany

MBI Publications

  1. Ocean rogue waves and their phase space dynamics in the limit of a linear interference model

    S. Birkholz, C. Brée, I. Veselic, A. Demircan, G. Steinmeyer

    Scientific Reports 6 (2016) 35207/1-8
  2. The effect of chirp on pulse compression at a group velocity horizon

    I. Babushkin, S. Amiranashvili, C. Brée, U. Morgner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Demircan

    IEEE Photonics Journal 8 (2016) 7803113/1-13
  3. Variational regularization of complex deautoconvolution and phase retrieval in ultrashort laser pulse characterization

    S. W. Anzengruber, S. Buerger, B. Hofmann, G. Steinmeyer

    Inverse Problems 32 (2016) 035002/1-27
  4. Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events

    N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori , U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, M. Taki

    Journal of Optics 18 (2016) 063001/1-37
  5. Controlling formation and suppression of fiber-optical rogue waves

    C. Brée, G. Steinmeyer, I. Babushkin, U. Morgner, A. Demircan

    Optics Letters 41 (2016) 3515-3518
  6. Femtosecond supercontinuum generation in water in the vicinity of absorption bands

    J. A. Dharmadhikari, G. Steinmeyer, G. Gopakumar, D. Mathur, A. K. Dharmadhikari

    Optics Letters 41 (2016) 3475-3478
  7. Intracavity measurement of the electro-optic Kerr effect via carrier-envelope phase demodulation

    T. Feng, P. Rustige, N. Raabe, G. Steinmeyer

    Optics Letters 41 (2016) 5158-5161
  8. Rogue waves: will a forecast ever be possible?

    G. Steinmeyer, C. Bree, A. Demircan

    SPIE Newsroom Online (2016) 1-2
  9. Nonlinear time series analysis: Towards an effective forecast of rogue waves

    G. Steinmeyer, S. Birkholz, C. Brée, A. Demircan

    SPIE Proceedings Series 9732 (2016) 973205/1-6
  10. Roadmap on ultrafast optics

    D. T. Reid, C. M. Heyl, R. R. Thomson, R. Trebino, G. Steinmeyer, H. H. Fielding, R. Holzwarth, Z. Zhang, P. Del’Haye, T. Suedmeyer, G. Mourou, T. Tajima, D. Faccio, F. J. M. Harren, G. Cerullo

    Journal of Optics 18 (2016) 093006/1-32
  11. A closer look at ultra-intense lasers

    T. Nagy, G. Steinmeyer

    Nature Photonics 10 (2016) 502-504
  12. Taming chaos: 16 mJ picosecond Ho:YLF regenerative amplifier with 0.7 kHz repetition rate

    L. von Grafenstein, M. Bock, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, T. Elsaesser

    Laser & Photonics Reviews 10 (2016) 123–130
  13. Luftiger Laser

    G. Steinmeyer

    Physik Journal 2 (2015) 18-19
  14. Supercontinuum generation as a signal amplifier

    L. Orsila, J. Sand, M. Närhi, G. Genty, G. Steinmeyer

    Optica 2 (2015) 757-764
  15. Noninstantaneous polarization dynamics in dielectric media

    M. Hofmann, J. Hyyti, S. Birkholz, M. Bock, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, M. Hoffmann, T. Nagy, A. Demircan, M. Jupé, D. Ristau, U. Morgner, C. Brée, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, G. Steinmeyer

    Optica 2 (2015) 151-157
  16. GaSb-based SESAM mode-locked Tm:YAG ceramic laser at 2 µm

    A. Gluth, Y. Wang, V. Petrov, J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, M Guina, G. Steinmeyer, X. Mateos, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, J. Li, Y. Pan, J. Guo, U. Griebner

    Optics Express 23 (2015) 1361-1369
  17. Phase retrieval via regularization in self-diffraction-based spectral interferometry

    S. Birkholz, G. Steinmeyer, S. Koke, D. Gerth, S. Bürger, B. Hofmann

    Journal of the Optical Society of America B-Optical Physics 32 (2015) 983-992
  18. Predictability of rogue events

    S. Birkholz, C. Brée, A. Demircan, G. Steinmeyer

    Physical Review Letters 114 (2015) 213901/1-5
  19. Mode-locked Tm,Ho:KLu(WO4)2 laser at 2060 nm using InGaSb-based SESAMs

    V. Aleksandrov, A. Gluth, V. Petrov, I. Buchvarov, G. Steinmeyer, J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, U. Griebner

    Optics Express 23 (2015) 4614-4619
  20. Characterization and application of chirped photonic crystal fiber in multiphoton imaging

    J. Yu, H. Zeng, H. Lui, J. S. Skibina, G. Steinmeyer, S. Tang

    Optics Express 22 (2014) 10366-10379
  21. Direct carrier-envelope phase control of an amplified laser system

    T. Balčiūnas, T. Flöry, A. Baltuška, T. Stanislauskas, R. Antipenkov, A. Varanavičius, G. Steinmeyer

    Optics Letters 39 (2014) 1669-1672
  22. On the role of shot noise in carrier-envelope phase stabilization

    B. Borchers, A. Anderson, G. Steinmeyer

    Laser & Photonics Reviews 8 (2014) 303-315
  23. Acoustic frequency combs for carrier-envelope phase stabilization

    B. Borchers, F. Lücking, G. Steinmeyer

    Optics Letters 39 (2014) 544-547
  24. Rogue wave formation by accelerated solitons at an optical event horizon

    A. Demircan, Sh. Amiranashvili, C. Brée, C. Mahnke, F. Mitschke, G. Steinmeyer

    Applied Physics B - Lasers and Optics 115 (2014) 343-354
  25. Supercontinua: Entering the mid-infrared

    G. Steinmeyer, J. S. Skibina

    Nature Photonics 8 (2014) 814-814
  26. Extending filamentation

    G. Steinmeyer, C.Brée

    Nature Photonics 8 (2014) 271-273
  27. A breakthrough for remote lasing in air

    G. Steinmeyer

    Physics 7, 129 (2014)
  28. On the origin of flicker noise in carrier-envelope phase stabilization

    Y. Song, F. Lücking, B. Borchers, G. Steinmeyer

    Optics Letters 39 (2014) 6989-6992
  29. Standards for ultrashort-laser-pulse-measurement techniques and their consideration for self-referenced spectral interferometry

    M. Rhodes, G. Steinmeyer, R. Trebino

    Applied Optics 53 (2014) D1-D11
  30. Absorption recovery dynamics in 2 µm GaSb-based SESAMs

    J. Paajaste, S. Suomalainen, A. Härkönen, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, M. Guina

    Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics 47 (2014) 065102/1-6
  31. Ultrahigh precision nonlinear reflectivity measurement system for saturable absorber mirrors with self-referenced fluence characterization

    L. Orsila, A. Härkönen, J. Hyyti, M. Guina, G. Steinmeyer

    Optics Letters 39 (2014) 4384-4387
  32. Regularization of an autoconvolution problem in ultrashort laser pulse characterization

    D. Gerth, B. Hofmann, S. Birkholz, S. Koke, G. Steinmeyer

    Inverse Problems in Science and Engineering 22 (2014) 245-266
  33. Adjustable pulse compression scheme for generation of few-cycle pulses in the midinfrared

    A. Demircan, S. Amiranashvili, C. Brée, U. Morgner, G. Steinmeyer

    Optics Letters 39 (2014) 2735-2738
  34. Supercontinuum generation by multiple scatterings at a group velocity horizon

    A. Demircan, S. Amiranashvili, C. Brée, U. Morgner, G. Steinmeyer

    Optics Express 22 (2014) 3866-3879
  35. Imaging the impulsive alignment of noble-gas dimers via Coulomb explosion

    von Veltheim, A., B. Borchers, G. Steinmeyer, H. Rottke

    Physical Review A 89 (2014) 023432/1-12
  36. A study on the application of chirped photonic crystal fiber in multiphoton microscopy

    J. Yu, H. Zeng, H. Lui, J.-S. Skibina, G. Steinmeyer, S. Tang

    SPIE Proceedings Series 8588 (2013) 85882R/1-7
  37. The coherent artifact in modern pulse measurement

    M. Rhodes, G. Steinmeyer, J. Ratner, R. Trebino

    SPIE Proceedings Series 8611 (2013) 86110R/1-8
  38. Pulse-shape instabilities and their measurement

    M. Rhodes, G. Steinmeyer, J. Ratner, R. Trebino

    Laser & Photonics Reviews 7 (2013) 557–565
  39. Mode-locked VECSEL emitting 5 ps pulses at 675 nm

    S. Ranta, A. Härkönen, T. Leinonen, L. Orsila, J. Lyytikäinen, G. Steinmeyer, M. Guinea

    Optics Letters 38 (2013) 2289-2291
  40. Compressible octave spanning supercontinuum generation by two-pulse collisions

    A. Demircan, Sh. Amiranashvili, C. Brée, G. Steinmeyer

    Physical Review Letters 110 (2013) 233901/1-5
  41. From optical rogue waves to optical transistors

    A. Demircan, Sh. Amiranashvili, C. Brée, F. Mitschke, G. Steinmeyer

    Nonlinear Phenomena in Complex Systems 16 (2013) 24-32
  42. First measurement of the non-instantaneous response time of a χ(3) nonlinear optical effect

    S. K. Das, M. Bock, R. Grunwald, B. Borchers, J. Hyyti, G. Steinmeyer, D. Ristau, A. Harth, T. Vockerodt, T. Nagy, U. Morgner

    Ultrafast Phenomena XVIII EDP Sciences (2013) 12005/1-3
  43. Nanostructured fibers for sub-10 fs optical pulse delivery

    M. Bock, J. Skibina, D. Fischer, M. Bretschneider, R. Wedell, R. Grunwald, S. Burger, V. Beloglazov, G. Steinmeyer

    Laser & Photonics Reviews 7 (2013) 566–570
  44. Spatiotemporal rogue events in optical multiple filamentation

    S. Birkholz, E. T. J. Nibbering, C. Brée, S. Skupin, A. Demircan, G. Genty, G. Steinmeyer

    Physical Review Letters 111 (2013) 243903/1-5
  45. Frustrated tunnel ionization of noble gas dimers with Rydberg-electron shakeoff by electron charge oscillation

    von Veltheim, A., B. Manschwetus, W. Quan, B. Borders, G. Steinmeyer, H. Rottke, W. Sandner

    Physical Review Letters 110 (2013) 023001/1-5
  46. Self-referenced scheme for direct synthesis of carrier-envelope phase stable pulses with jitter below the atomic time unit

    G. Steinmeyer, C. Grebing, B. Borchers, S. Koke

    Springer Proceedings in Physics 125 Springer (2012) 3-8
  47. Mode-locking of solid-state lasers by single-walled carbon-nanotube based saturable absorbers

    F. Rotermund, W. B. Cho, S. Y. Choi, I. H. Baek, J. H. Yim, S. Lee, A. Schmidt, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, D.-I. Yeom, K. Kim, V. Petrov

    Quantum Electronics 42 (2012) 663-670
  48. The coherent artifact in modern pulse measurements

    J. Ratner, G. Steinmeyer, T. C. Wong, R. Bartels, R. Trebino

    Optics Letters 37 (2012) 2874-2876
  49. Long-term carrier-envelope-phase-stable few-cycle pulses by use of the feed-forward method

    F. Lücking, A. Assion, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, G. Steinmeyer

    Optics Letters 37 (2012) 2076-2078
  50. Agile linear interferometric method for carrier-envelope phase drift measurement

    P. Jójárt, Á. Börzsönyi, B. Borchers, G. Steinmeyer, K. Osvay

    Optics Letters 37 (2012) 836-838